Fund Purpose: To fund TBI registry research and/or young investigator research in ICP and brain edema as well as to support the Marmarou Lecture on ICP, cerebral edema and/or TBI related topics at the Trauma Section session of the AANS Annual Scientific Meeting.
Anthony Marmarou, PhD, served our country in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War and subsequently attended Drexel University, receiving a Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering. He continued his education at the University of Pennsylvania, where he received his Masters in control engineering and, finally, Temple University School of Medicine, where he completed an NIH Special Research Fellowship and a PhD in biomedical engineering.
His scientific exploration of intracranial pressure dynamics in traumatic brain injury began at Albert Einstein Medical in the Bronx, N.Y. and continued during his 27 years with the VCU Department of Neurosurgery in Richmond, Va.
Well-known for his commitment to his research on traumatic brain injury (TBI) and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), Dr. Marmarou was considered a world authority on fluid dynamics within the brain and spinal cord. His tireless efforts to communicate the results of his scientific studies on the global front earned him an international reputation as an outstanding scholar and scientist.
Dr. Marmarou was the recipient of the prestigious Javits Neuroscience Investigator Award from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Dr. Marmarou, in collaboration with his longstanding research partner, Chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery at VCU Dr. Harold Young, led an international team in developing the first clinical guidelines for diagnosis and treatment for idiopathic NPH. Their tireless efforts have resulted in the current standard of care for patients with NPH, which has directly resulted in the recovery of individuals first thought to be suffering irreversible dementia and Alzheimer's-like symptoms.
Dr. Marmarou's stated, “Patients should explore all their options, because there is always hope.” earned him the devotion of his patients and staff. Dr. Marmarou was one of those unique researchers who could bring basic laboratory research directly to the bedside to improve patient care and treatment.
Also noteworthy were his collaborative basic research studies targeting mechanisms of cellular injury following traumatic brain injury and stroke in collaboration with Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology at VCU Dr. John Povlishock and Professor of Neurosurgery at the University of Miami Dr. Ross Bullock. Their efforts on the experimental front led the way to novel therapies currently being evaluated to attenuate the devastating effects of human head injury.
Dr. Marmarou was a leader in the scientific community and was honored for his work by Brazilian, English, French, German, Greek, Japanese and Turkish neurosurgical societies. In particular, his collaborative efforts with Dr. Katsuji Shima, chairman of neurosurgery of the National Defense Institute in Japan, established global standards for the care and management of intracranial pressure following traumatic brain injury.
His scientific legacy remains intact as it will continue on through the dedication of the over 200 neurosurgical fellows that he trained throughout his scientific career, including his daughter, Dr. Christina Marmarou, assistant professor of neurosurgery and colleague, Dr. Gunes Aygok, co-director of NPH studies at VCU. His outreach missions included ABIC, the EIC and the European Brain Injury Consortium, all aimed at improving patient diagnosis and treatment.
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